Apartment A/C Upgrade
My apartment is dated. It’s got beige everything, which arguably includes the person living inside it. But as a renter I’m not about to spend any money changing things; this place is cheap and that’s why I’m here. I wouldn’t want to upset this balance in our relationship, though I do long to modernize at least a little.
One thing that bugs me is the A/C. It’s a very noisy window unit and my choices are either to run it all the time and have the built-in thermostat regulate the temperature, or to be too hot. If there was some non-destructive way to connect an off-the-shelf smart thermostat to it then I could probably set up some complicated rules which would solve this problem for me.
Instead, back in 2016, I opted to fix the system myself. The high-level idea was to control the A/C unit through its infrared port and build my own (practical) control system around it. Below is a description of that system.
High level architecture
|Send commands to Arduino using Bluetooth LE for monitoring and control.||Receive and handle BLE commands from PC to (1) Fetch temperature data, or (2) Blast infrared codes.||Wait for infrared codes. Use compressor and fan to cool air in apartment.|
Note: These high-level ingredients are scattered all over my apartment so I made everything wireless. Only power is required.
Note 2: the link between the Arduino and the A/C is an infrared remote port and therefore simplex.
Bill of materials
The total cost of the hardware was less than $60 USD since I get most things from Ali Express, but this requires lots of patience.
|Added HW||BthLE Transciever||Thermistor, IR LED & Resistor||Unmodified|
|Base SW||Windows 10||Arduino101 core libs||N/A|
|Added SW||Custom monitoring program||Custom sketch||Unmodified|
My custom monitoring software runs as a service, every 15 minutes. It isn’t open source, but send me an email and I can share parts of it. It’s a NodeJS program that uses the Windows 10 WinRT APIs for interacting with Bluetooth, instead of that Noble library that asks you to uninstall your OS’s Bluetooth stack.
Algorithm & Policy
The algorithm I use runs on the PC and reads the temperature from the Arduino. It then decides whether or not to turn on or off the A/C. I have defined two temperature thresholds that I use in my algorithm.
HighThreshold– The temperature is too high to possibly be comfortable (e.g. 85 fahrenheit).
AwayAsleepThreshold– The temperature at which the A/C should be used
By default the policy assumes that the A/C should be turned off, unless one of the following conditions is met:
- The temperature is too high to possibly be comfortable
(temperature > HighThreshold)
- The system thinks I’m away or asleep and wants to keep things extra cool.
(userIsAway && temperature > AwayAsleepThreshold)
The combination of the two above policies ensures that the noise I hear, as the tenant, is down to a minimum. I’ve programmed my work and sleep schedule into my custom monitoring program so #2 is achievable most of the time. Thank goodness my life is so predictable!
I also collect temperature data in a Google spreadsheet so I can check out my the temperature history remotely. One time it got interesting when my landlord turned up the heat without my knowledge.
A few notes on how I got things working. I’m not going to turn this into a how-to article, but if you have some questions, please shoot me an email.
- Visual Studio 2015
- Arduino IDE v1.6.7 or higher.
- IRToy v2
- Windows 10 PC
- IR LEDs
- 75 Ohm resistor
- Temperature sensor (TMP36)
- Some IR remotes
I found out that the extremely popular Arduino infrared library doesn’t work on the Arduino101, so I had to write my own.
I found a way to connect my HW components directly to the Arduino headers and was able to avoid putting together a separate board. I soldered the 75 Ohm resistor in series with the IR LED at the leads. I was able to extend the thermistor’s leads as well. This is a fragile setup but it has worked for more than a year.
- How infrared remotes work and some details on how I captured my remotes’ codes.